*A Christian scholar, and devout believer in Jesus Christ, says that Jesus might not have died on the cross, the enduring symbol of Christianity.

Refuting long-held beliefs, theologian Gunnar Samuelsson of Sweden’s Gothenburg University says that the theory that Jesus was executed on a cross is based on tradition rather than historic text. Samuelsson, who is no slouch, has studied ancient Latin, Greek, Hebrew and Aramaic literature from Homer through to the First Century A.D., and can not find proof that the crucifixation occurred.

The fact that Jesus was executed, and forced to walk to Calvary Hill is not in dispute, it’s just that Samuesson said there were many other ways that Jesus might have been tortured and killed. Samuelsson’s 400-page doctorate thesis, “Crucifixion in Antiquity: An Inquiry into the Background of the New Testament Terminology of Crucifixion,” says that there has never been any mention of “nails” or crucifixtion, but Christ did carry a “stauros” on his back to Calvary, but that stauros could mean anything from a tree trunk to a spiked pole, and not necessarily a cross.

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