Three of the surviving Groveland Four, were arrested for sexually assaulting a white woman in 1949. Their arrests, coerced confessions, and trials set off a sequence of Ku Klux Klan violence, killing two of the suspects and one of their lawyers. 1949.
*Lionsgate has acquired screen rights to Devil In The Grove: Thurgood Marshall, The Groveland Boys, And The Dawn Of A New America, the Pulitzer Prize-winning book by Gilbert King about the effort of Thurgood Marshall and the NAACP’s legal team to save the lives of four black men falsely accused of raping a white woman in Florida in 1949.
According to Deadline.com, the film has overtones of To Kill A Mockingbird, in a story emblematic of the racism present in the Deep South during the time when Jim Crow labor laws made possible places like the segregated Groveland, Florida.
Devil in the Grove author Gilbert King
Empowered by cheap labor, that town became a thriving citrus empire, with a racist sheriff ruling with an iron hand. In 1949, a quartet of young black men called The Groveland Four were accused of rape by a 17-year-old girl. The Klan tore through Groveland, sending black men fleeing to the swamps as they burned homes, determined to find the four and lynch them. One was shot down, and the others beaten badly into confessing.
Despite the powderkeg atmosphere, Groveland became an establishing ground for Marshall, who despite the danger and his vital status in the growing civil rights movement, got heavily involved after one of his NAACP associates was murdered by the Klan.
L to R: NAACP attorney Jack Greenberg, defendant Walter Irvin, NAACP counsel Thurgood Marshall
Even though the evidence was flimsy, one of the men was sentenced to life and the other two were given death sentences. Marshall fought that all the way to the Supreme Court.
When a new trial was ordered, the sheriff, McCall, shot both of the men as they were being transported. He claimed the handcuffed men attacked him, but the lone survivor said he simply blasted away. The survivor was eventually exonerated.
Adam Cooper and Bill Collage will write the script. Allison Shearmur is producing. The project is high priority at Lionsgate where production president Erik Feig and production and development director Jeyun Choi are overseeing it.
“Devil In The Grove,” Deadline wrote, “will yield a great role for a fortyish African-American actor to play the iconic Marshall, in a case fought to the Supreme Court before he made history with Brown Vs. Board of Education, which finally eliminated segregation in public schools. The scribes are also planning a strong role of Mabel Norris Reese, a journalist who covered the case. Initially outraged by the rape charges, she wrote honest stories as the evidence made it clear the ‘victim’ had invented the allegations.”